Purpose: To evaluate long-term, real-world treatment patterns and outcomes of ranibizumab 0.5 mg for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) in a Belgian cohort.
Patients and methods: This Belgian (BE) cohort of the 5-year global observational LUMINOUS study included 229 patients with nAMD. Outcomes included visual acuity (VA), central retinal thickness (CRT) and safety.
Results: The mean age was 79.5±7.7 years. The majority of patients (67.7%) were female and all patients were Caucasian. Most patients previously received ranibizumab with only 17.5% of patients being treatment-naïve. The injection frequency declined over time irrespective of prior treatment status (p<0.0001), with treatment-naïve eyes receiving a mean of 4.2±2.9 yearly injections and prior-ranibizumab eyes 3.6±2.7. Regression analysis confirmed first-year VA increases for treatment-naïve eyes (p=0.002) followed by a slight decrease of -1.8 letters per year. For prior-ranibizumab eyes, the visual changes over 1 year were statistically non-significant (p=0.90) but declined slightly after year one (p<0.0001). Anatomically, the CRT of treatment-naïve eyes decreased over time from baseline (p<0.0001), whereas the CRT of prior-ranibizumab eyes remained stable (p=0.43). No new safety findings were identified.
Conclusion: LUMINOUS-BE reconfirms the well-characterized benefit-risk profile of ranibizumab for nAMD treatment. The observed low injection frequency reflects a need for more rigorous treatment in real-world settings.
Clinical trial registration: NCT01318941.
Keywords: Belgium; effectiveness; neovascular age-related macular degeneration; ranibizumab; safety; treatment patterns.
© 2020 Leys et al.