Surgical Management for Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defects: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Pediatr Cardiol. 2020 Oct;41(7):1445-1457. doi: 10.1007/s00246-020-02397-w. Epub 2020 Jun 24.


A meta-analysis is performed for a comparison of outcomes between the modified one-patch repair (MPR) and two-patch repair (TPR) for complete atrioventricular septal defects (CAVSD). Electronic databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched systematically for the literature which aimed mainly at comparing the therapeutic effects for CAVSD administrated by MPR and TPR. Corresponding data sets were extracted and two reviewers independently assessed the risks of bias. Meta-analysis was performed using Revman 5.3 and Stata 12.0. Fifteen studies meeting the inclusion criteria were included, involving 2076 subjects in total. It was observed that MPR was associated with shorter cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and aortic cross-clamp (ACC) times, as compared with TPR. However, no statistical differences were found in terms of size of ventricular septal defects (VSD), reoperation, mortality, implantation of permanent pacemakers, and length of ventilation, hospital and intensive care unit stay. As compared with TPR, MPR is superior in terms of ACC and CPB. However, with regard to reoperation, mortality, length of ventilation, ICU and hospital stay and permanent pacemakers implantation, no significant differences are found between these two procedures. MPR is likely to apply to younger infants with faster completion of surgery. Surgery is recommended between 3 and 6 months of age.

Keywords: Atrioventricular septal defects; Outcomes; Surgery.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Female
  • Heart Septal Defects / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intensive Care Units
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Treatment Outcome

Supplementary concepts

  • Complete atrioventricular septal defect