Molecular fingerprint of precancerous lesions in breast atypical hyperplasia

J Int Med Res. 2020 Jun;48(6):300060520931616. doi: 10.1177/0300060520931616.


Objective: To identify atypical hyperplasia (AH) of the breast by shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SHINERS), and to explore the molecular fingerprinting characteristics of breast AH.

Methods: Breast hyperplasia was studied in 11 hospitals across China from January 2015 to December 2016. All patients completed questionnaires on women's health. The differences between patients with and without breast AH were compared. AH breast lesions were detected by Raman spectroscopy followed by the SHINERS technique.

Results: There were no significant differences in clinical features and risk-related factors between patients with breast AH (n = 37) and the control group (n = 2576). Fifteen cases of breast AH lesions were detected by Raman spectroscopy. The main different Raman peaks in patients with AH appeared at 880, 1001, 1086, 1156, 1260, and 1610 cm-1, attributed to the different vibrational modes of nucleic acids, β-carotene, and proteins. Shell-isolated nanoparticles had different enhancement effects on the nucleic acid, protein, and lipid components in AH.

Conclusion: Raman spectroscopy can detect characteristic molecular changes in breast AH lesions, and may thus be useful for the non-invasive early diagnosis and for investigating the mechanism of tumorigenesis in patients with breast AH.

Keywords: Breast cancer; Raman spectroscopy; atypical hyperplasia; early diagnosis; molecular fingerprint; shell-isolated nanoparticle.

MeSH terms

  • Breast
  • Breast Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Breast Neoplasms* / genetics
  • Breast Neoplasms* / pathology
  • China
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia / diagnosis
  • Hyperplasia / pathology
  • Precancerous Conditions* / diagnosis
  • Precancerous Conditions* / genetics
  • Precancerous Conditions* / pathology