FDSR: A new fuzzy discriminative sparse representation method for medical image classification

Artif Intell Med. 2020 Jun;106:101876. doi: 10.1016/j.artmed.2020.101876. Epub 2020 May 25.


Recent developments in medical image analysis techniques make them essential tools in medical diagnosis. Medical imaging is always involved with different kinds of uncertainties. Managing these uncertainties has motivated extensive research on medical image classification methods, particularly for the past decade. Despite being a powerful classification tool, the sparse representation suffers from the lack of sufficient discrimination and robustness, which are required to manage the uncertainty and noisiness in medical image classification issues. It is tried to overcome this deficiency by introducing a new fuzzy discriminative robust sparse representation classifier, which benefits from the fuzzy terms in its optimization function of the dictionary learning process. In this work, we present a new medical image classification approach, fuzzy discriminative sparse representation (FDSR). The proposed fuzzy terms increase the inter-class representation difference and the intra-class representation similarity. Also, an adaptive fuzzy dictionary learning approach is used to learn dictionary atoms. FDSR is applied on Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) from three medical image databases. The comprehensive experimental results clearly show that our approach outperforms its series of rival techniques in terms of accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and convergence speed.

Keywords: Discriminative sparse representation; Fuzzy dictionary learning; Inter-class difference; Intra-class similarity; Medical image classification.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*