Soccer player with unusual right shoulder and arm pain and swelling

J Prim Health Care. 2020 Jun;12(2):181-183. doi: 10.1071/HC19101.


INTRODUCTION Paget-Schroetter syndrome, or effort thrombosis, refers to a deep venous thrombosis in an upper extremity. It is most commonly located in the axillary or subclavian veins and is associated with vigorous repetitive movements and anatomic abnormalities. CASE PRESENTATION This case study describes an 18-year-old Division 1 soccer player who presented with worsening axillary swelling and pain. He was found to have subclavian stenosis at the level of the thoracic inlet between the clavicle and first rib, with deep venous thrombosis in his right axillary, subclavian, proximal brachial, and basilic veins. It was diagnosed with ultrasound and confirmed with venography. He was treated initially with enoxaparin and warfarin before having mechanical thrombolysis, balloon venoplasty, infusion of tissue plasminogen activator, and a right first rib resection. CONCLUSION As Paget-Schroetter syndrome is rare, early recognition and management leads to fewer long-lasting sequelae and less morbidity. Left untreated, it can result in pulmonary embolism and residual upper extremity obstruction.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Arm / physiopathology*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pain / diagnosis*
  • Shoulder Pain / physiopathology*
  • Soccer*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis / diagnosis*
  • Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis / drug therapy
  • Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis / surgery