Kinetic analysis of in vivo receptor-dependent binding of human epidermal growth factor by rat tissues

J Pharm Sci. 1988 Mar;77(3):200-7. doi: 10.1002/jps.2600770304.


Kinetic analysis of the tissue distribution of human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) in rats was performed in vivo. The plasma disappearance half-life of [125I]hEGF was prolonged by coadministration of unlabeled hEGF, indicating saturation of the mechanism for hEGF removal from the systemic circulation. To analyze the contribution of each tissue to the uptake of hEGF, the amount of [125I]hEGF taken up by each tissue was determined after coadministration of various amounts of unlabeled hEGF. Kinetic analysis of the data yielded the following results. (1) Among the tissues examined, the distribution of [125I]hEGF to the liver, kidney, small intestine, stomach, and spleen was much greater than that accounted for by the distribution to the extracellular space of each tissue. (2) The binding (or uptake) of hEGF by these tissues showed remarkable saturation, which may represent the receptor-dependent binding (or uptake) mechanism. (3) The apparent binding (or uptake) clearance per gram of tissue at the low dose (in the range of first-order kinetics), defined with regard to the arterial plasma concentration, was greatest in the kidney, followed by the liver and small intestine. The larger binding (or uptake) clearance of the kidney compared with that of the liver can be attributed to the higher plasma flow rate (per gram of tissue) in the kidney. However, the intrinsic ability to take up hEGF was much greater in the liver than that in the kidney. The hepatic binding (or uptake) of hEGF at the low dose was almost limited by the hepatic plasma flow rate.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / pharmacokinetics*
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Trichloroacetic Acid


  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Trichloroacetic Acid
  • Epidermal Growth Factor