The Use of Face Masks During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland: A Survey Study of 2315 Young Adults

Dermatol Ther. 2020 Jun 29;e13909. doi: 10.1111/dth.13909. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Face masks wearing during the COVID-19 pandemic became ubiquitous. The aim of our study was to assess the use of face masks among young adults during the current viral pandemic. The survey was based on specially created Google Forms and posted on numerous Facebook groups for young people in Poland. Seven days were considered as a recall period. 2315 answers were obtained, 2307 were finally analysis, as 8 questionnaires were removed because of data incompleteness. 60.4% of responders declared using the face masks. Those who reported an atopic predisposition wore face masks significantly (P = 0.007) more commonly (65.5% and 57.7%, respectively). Cloth masks (46.2%) appeared to be most popular ones, followed by surgical masks (39.2%), respirators (N95 and FFP) (13.3%), half-face elastomeric respirators (0.8%) and full-face respirators (0.4%). Females significantly more frequently (P = 0.0001) used cloth masks; respirators, half-face elastomeric respirators and full-face respirators were used more commonly by males (P < 0.0001, P = 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively). 23.9% of responders who used single-use staff wore it again. Moreover, 73.6% participants declared masks decontamination, however the procedures were not always appropriate. We suggest that our results may be of help in construction of general public education campaigns on the proper use of face masks. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Keywords: COVID-19; Face masks.