In the USA, the most prevalent serotype of the fungus, Cryptococcus neoformans, was serotype A. The serotype constituted 203 of 272 isolates from infections and 85 of 89 isolates from the environment. Serotype B or C isolates were infrequent causes of infection, except in Southern California, and were infrequent causes of infecand were not isolated at all from environmental sources. In Southern California, the absence of serotypes B and C in 67 soil and pigeon dropping isolates was striking, considering that 25 of 49 isolates from infections were serotypes B or C. The site in nature where serotypes B and C exist is currently unknown but differs from that of serotypes A and D. Serotype D may be unusually prevalent in both environmental and patient isolates from Denmark and Italy. Of 24 isolates from those countries, 21 were serotype D.