Association between rs11362 polymorphism in the beta-defensin 1 (DEFB1) gene and dental caries: A meta-analysis

J Oral Biosci. 2020 Sep;62(3):272-279. doi: 10.1016/j.job.2020.06.004. Epub 2020 Jun 27.


Objectives: Beta-defensin 1, encoded by the DEFB1 gene, is an important molecule that confers protection from dental caries. Numerous studies have been conducted on the rs11362 polymorphism in the DEFB1 gene. We evaluated the results from studies that have investigated the association between rs11362 polymorphism and dental caries, through a meta-analysis.

Methods: This meta-analysis was designed according to the PRISMA statement guideline. Electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane Library) were scanned by two independent researchers. The publication bias was determined by statistical analyses using funnel plot, Egger regression test, and Begg and Mazumdar rank correlation test. Heterogeneity was evaluated using the chi-square test, tau-square, and Higgins I2 test. Odds ratio (OR) was used to measure the effect size.

Results: Rank correlation and regression procedures showed the absence of publication bias in the meta-analysis (p > 0.05). The DEFB1 rs11362 polymorphism in the heterozygous (CC vs. CT: OR = 2.20, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.17, 4.10; p = 0.014) and dominant (CC vs. CT + TT: OR = 3.11, 95% CI: 1.18, 8.21; p = 0.022) models in the permanent dentition subgroup showed significant differences. However, there was no significant difference between any model in either the deciduous dentition (p > 0.05) or the mixed dentition subgroups (p > 0.05).

Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that the DEFB1 rs11362 polymorphism is associated with dental caries in permanent dentition. Moreover, individuals with the TT genotype were found to have seven times higher risk of dental caries than individuals with the CC genotype. There was no such association or statistical difference observed for deciduous and mixed dentitions.

Keywords: Caries susceptibility; Dental caries resistance; Human genome; Meta-analysis; Single nucleotide polymorphism.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Dental Caries*
  • Dentition, Permanent
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • beta-Defensins* / genetics


  • DEFB1 protein, human
  • beta-Defensins