Background: Lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) is a major form of lung cancer, which is a main cause of global cancer-related death in male and female patients. LncRNAs are implicated in tumor development. However, the functions and mechanisms of the LncRNA HOTAIRM1 in ADC are not known.
Materials and methods: Here, the downregulated HOTAIRM1 in ADC was selected by TCGA analysis. Subsequently, qRT-PCR, CCK-8, EdU, cell apoptosis, cell cycle and cell invasion assays were utilized for evaluating the roles of HOTAIRM1 in ADC. Finally, we explored the mechanism of HOTAIRM1 in ADC.
Results: HOTAIRM1 expression was considerably decreased in ADC tissues. The knockdown of HOTAIRM1 promoted the cell cycle, growth, and invasion of ADC. Moreover, HOTAIRM1 competitively bound miR-498 to regulate the expression of WWOX.
Conclusion: HOTAIRM1 suppressed the proliferation and invasion of ADC cells via the modulation of miR-498/WWOX axis. This finding suggested that it might be clinically valuable as a biomarker for ADC. Furthermore, the findings suggest LncRNA HOTAIRM1 as a candidate therapeutic target in ADC.
Keywords: HOTAIRM1; WWOX; cell proliferation; lung adenocarcinoma; miR-498.
© 2020 Chen et al.