Bispicolyamine-Based Supramolecular Polymeric Gels Induced by Distinct Different Driving Forces with and Without Zn 2

Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Jun 29;21(13):4617. doi: 10.3390/ijms21134617.

Abstract

Metal-coordination polymeric gels are interesting areas as organic/inorganic hybrid supramolecular materials. The bispicolylamine (BPA) based gelator (1) showed excellent gelation with typical fibrillar morphology in acetonitrile. Upon complexing 1 with Zn2+, complexes ([1 + Zn + ACN]2+ and [1 + zinc trifluoromethanesulfonate (ZnOTf)]+) with four coordination numbers were formed, which determine the gel structure significantly. A gel-sol transition was induced, driven by the ratio of the two metal complexes produced. Through nuclear magnetic resonance analysis, the driving forces in the gel formation (i.e., hydrogen-bonding and π-π stacking) were observed in detail. In the absence and the presence of Zn2+, the intermolecular hydrogen-bonds and π-π stacking were the primary driving forces in the gel formation, respectively. In addition, the supramolecular gels exhibited a monolayer lamellar structure irrespective of Zn2+. Conclusively, the gels' elasticity and viscosity reduced in the presence of Zn2+.

Keywords: bispicolylamine; complexes; gels; supramolecular gels; zinc.