The Burden of Endometriosis on Women's Lifespan: A Narrative Overview on Quality of Life and Psychosocial Wellbeing

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jun 29;17(13):4683. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17134683.


Endometriosis is a chronic, inflammatory disease affecting more than 170 million women worldwide and up to 10% of women of reproductive age. As a consequence of inflammatory reaction and infiltration of anatomic structures, endometriosis can cause "pain symptoms" including dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, dyschezia, dysuria, and chronic pelvic pain. In this review, we summarized the impact of endometriosis on quality of life in all its aspects including sexual life, work, and social relationships. The data research was conducted using web-based search engines and/or various electronic research databases querying for all articles related to endometriosis and quality of life from the inception of the database up to February 2020. Endometriosis has not only physical but also psychological effects, causing depression, anxiety, and compromising social relationships. Furthermore, endometriosis negatively impacts sexual life and social relationships. At last, the economic burden of endometriosis should not be underestimated, both individually and for the community, as this pathology leads to a loss of productivity at work and large use of health resources. Thus, endometriosis-related symptoms control women's lives compromising the quality of life in all aspects. In this review, we summarized the impact of endometriosis on various aspects of women's lives.

Keywords: economic burden; endometriosis; lifespan; quality of life; questionnaire; social relationship.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cost of Illness*
  • Dyspareunia
  • Endometriosis / epidemiology*
  • Endometriosis / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longevity
  • Pelvic Pain
  • Quality of Life