Objective: Testicular torsion causes migration of neutrophils to the ischemic region and formation of free oxygen radicals that have a critical effect on ischemic reperfusion (I/R) injury. Udenafil is a selective, strong, and reversible inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type enzyme. In our study, we evaluate the protective effect of udenafil against reperfusion injury due to I/R.
Materials and methods: Twenty-one male, adult, Wistar-Albino rats aged 8 months were randomly divided into three groups; sham, I/R, and I/R+udenafil. One hour before the detorsion operation, the sham and I/R groupssaline, and I/R+udenafil groups were administered 2 mg/kg udenafil intraperitoneally. Blood samples were collected to evaluate the inflammatory mediators. Spermatogenic factors were evaluated according to Johnsen criteria.
Results: Histopathological and molecular parameters from all groups were compared. Mean values of TNF-α and IL-1β in venous blood samples were calculated. We observed that TNF-a values were statistically significantly increased in the I/R group than those in sham groups, and these values were decreased with udenafil treatment Furthermore, the glutathione peroxidase (GPx) level was statistically significantly decreased in the I/R group, and treatment with udenafil prevented this decrease. Evaluation of spermatogenesis using the Johnsen scoring system showed no statistically significant difference in mean scores between the groups.
Conclusion: We concluded that deterioration of biochemical and histopathological parameters are reversed, and injury due to I/R in testicle tissue may be decreased with udenafil treatment. Results of this experimental study show that efficacy of the udenafil treatment in testis torsion should be investigated.
Keywords: Ischemia-reperfusion; rat; testis; udenafil.
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