High-grade B cell lymphomas with rearrangements on C-MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 (HGBL with MYC and BCL2 and/or Bcl6 rearrangement) are associated with worse clinical outcomes and thus were introduced as a separate new category in the recently updated WHO classification. From 2012 to 2016, we analyzed a consecutive cohort of large B cell lymphomas (LBCLs) for C-MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 rearrangements and correlated our results with clinical-pathological parameters. Ten of 78 (13%) cases had a C-MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangement, so-called double or triple hit (DH), while double/triple copy number gains (CNGs) were found in eight (10%) patients. Patients with a high-grade lymphoma with DH or CNG progressed significantly more often after first-line chemotherapy (p = 0.005). When treated with standard chemotherapy, patients with a DH or CNG had a significantly worse overall (OS) and recurrence free survival (RFS) compared with all other patients (p = 0.033 and p < 0.001, respectively). Thus, patients with a diffuse large B cell lymphoma, harboring a double/triple CNG, seem to have a similar poor prognosis than those with a DH. Though our data can only be regarded as preliminary, our results warrant further investigations to fully elucidate the role of CNGs as well as underlying molecular mechanisms resulting in aggressive behavior in LBCL.
Keywords: BCL2; BCL6; C-MYC; DLBCL; Double hit; HGBL.