Novel α-aminophosphonates 4 were synthesized via one pot three-component reaction of 4-aminoantipyrine, aldehydes, triphenylphosphite and Lewis acid catalyst. The chemical structures of all the synthesized compounds were elucidated by IR, NMR and MS spectral analysis. The antimicrobial activity of 4 was tested in vitro against pathogenic microbes such as E.coli, S.aureus, A.niger and C.albicans. Three of them (4f-h) exhibited high antimicrobial activity and were loaded to carrageenan cryogel for drug delivery studies. With the aid of cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) as reinforcing material and glyoxal as a cross-linking agent, porous cryogels with improved mechanical properties were obtained. Among all, CAR-7 presents the optimum cryogel sample, which contained around 16% CNF and 0.2 mL/15 mL polymer blend. CAR-7 demonstrated highest mechanical compressive strength, porosity (80%), and swelling capacity (75%). Sustainable release behavior over 24 h was observed for the loaded cryogels. The antimicrobial activity of cryogels against S.aureus showed marginal differences between samples. CAR-9 (loaded with 4f) showed the highest reduction percentage in number of bacterial colonies (99.94%) followed by CAR-11 (loaded with 4h, 99.3%) and finally CAR-10 (loaded with 4g, 99.29%).
Keywords: Antimicrobial activity and sustainable release; Carrageenan; Cryogel.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.