Investigation and Management of Bone Mineral Density Following Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: A Survey of Current Practice by the Transplant Complications Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2020 Oct;26(10):1955-1962. doi: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2020.06.022. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Abstract

Reduced bone mineral density (BMD) is a well-recognized complication of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), with significant drops in BMD occurring within the first 12 months after HCT. Guidance on identifying and managing this complication is available in several published guidelines. In this study, we investigated current practices in the investigation and management of low BMD in centers registered with the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT). A questionnaire about bone health was sent to all registered centers, and responses were received from 99 centers in 25 countries (52%) currently registered with the EBMT. Our data highlight considerable heterogeneity in practices across European centers in relation to investigations, management, and use of guidelines. Our data demonstrate the need for better dissemination and implementation of existing guidelines and also for the development of multidisciplinary guidelines with input from all relevant stakeholders.

Keywords: Bone mineral density; Hematopoietic cell transplantation; Survey of practice.