Three patients with glucose-6 phosphatase catalytic subunit 3 deficiency

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2020 Jul 28;33(7):957-961. doi: 10.1515/jpem-2019-0541.

Abstract

Objectives Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) is a primary immunodeficiency (PID) characterized by persistent severe neutropenia, recurrent infections, and oral aphthous lesions. Severe congenital neutropenia is caused by various genetic defects such as ELANE, GFI, HAX-1, JAGN1, SRP54, and glucose-6 phosphatase catalytic subunit 3 (G6PC3) deficiency. Clinical features of the patients with G6PC3 deficiency vary from neutropenia to several systemic features in addition to developmental delay. Case presentation In this report, we presented three unrelated patients diagnosed with G6PC3 deficiency. All these patients had short stature, prominent and superficial vascular tissue, cardiac abnormalities (Atrial septal defect (secondary), mitral valve prolapse with mitral insufficiency, pulmonary hypertension) and lymphopenia. Patient 1 (P1) and 2 (P2) had urogenital abnormalities, P2 and P3 had thrombocytopenia. Conclusions We have shown that lymphopenia and CD4 lymphopenia do not rarely accompany to G6PC3 deficiency. Characteristic facial appearance, systemic manifestions, neutropenia could be the clues for the diagnosis of G6PC3 deficiency.

Keywords: glucose-6 phosphatase catalytic subunit 3; lymphopenia; myeloid maturation arrest; severe congenital neutropenia; thrombocytopenia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Consanguinity
  • Female
  • Glucose-6-Phosphatase / genetics*
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type I / diagnosis*
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type I / genetics*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / diagnosis
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / genetics
  • Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / diagnosis
  • Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / genetics
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / diagnosis
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / genetics
  • Infant
  • Leukopenia / diagnosis
  • Leukopenia / genetics
  • Male
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Urogenital Abnormalities / diagnosis
  • Urogenital Abnormalities / genetics

Substances

  • Glucose-6-Phosphatase
  • G6PC3 protein, human

Supplementary concepts

  • Dursun Syndrome