Effect of Standing on a Standardized Measure of Upper Extremity Function

OTJR (Thorofare N J). 2021 Jan;41(1):32-39. doi: 10.1177/1539449220937058. Epub 2020 Jul 4.


Although many daily activities that require the upper extremity are performed in standing, arm motor function is generally measured in sitting. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of standing on a measure of upper extremity function, the Jebsen Hand Function Test (JHFT). Twelve nondisabled adults (26.3 ± 3.1 years) completed the JHFT with the right and left arms under two conditions: sitting and standing. Total time to complete the JHFT increased when performed in standing compared with sitting in both arms (p = .005); mean increase was 4.4% and 5.6% for the right and left arms, respectively. Checker stacking was the only subtest that showed a significant increase in completion time in standing for both arms (p = .001); card turning showed an increase for the left arm only (p = .002). Measurement of upper extremity function in standing may provide insight into arm motor capacity within the context of standing postural control demands.

Keywords: Jebsen Hand Function Test; standing; upper extremity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arm*
  • Humans
  • Upper Extremity*