Results and prognostic factors in penetrating ocular injuries with retained intraocular foreign bodies

Ophthalmology. 1988 Jul;95(7):911-6. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(88)33069-1.


Of 105 eyes with ocular injuries involving retained intraocular foreign bodies, 63 (60%) had a final visual acuity of 20/40 or better; 20 (19%) were 20/50 to 5/200; and 15 (14%) were worse than 5/200. Six eyes (6%) were enucleated. The extent of visual recovery was limited in selected cases by the characteristics of the initial injury. Multivariate analysis was used to identify prognostic factors. Predictive of a good visual outcome (greater than or equal to 20/40) were: (1) initial visual acuity better than 20/40 and (2) the need for only one or two operations in the treatment of the injury. Predictive of a poor visual outcome (less than 5/200) were: (1) initial visual acuity worse than 5/200 and (2) a wound 4 mm or longer in length, independent of wound location. The visual outcome in this series of patients was compared with other large series of intraocular foreign bodies reported before the development of vitreous microsurgical techniques. The percentage of patients with a visual outcome of 20/40 or better has remained the same, whereas the incidence of enucleation has diminished.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bacterial Infections
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Endophthalmitis / etiology
  • Eye Foreign Bodies / complications
  • Eye Foreign Bodies / physiopathology
  • Eye Foreign Bodies / surgery*
  • Eye Injuries / complications
  • Eye Injuries / physiopathology
  • Eye Injuries / surgery*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Period
  • Prognosis
  • Visual Acuity
  • Wounds, Penetrating / complications
  • Wounds, Penetrating / physiopathology
  • Wounds, Penetrating / surgery*