The study describes the effects of administration of Queso Blanco cheese containing Bifidobacterium longum on the fecal microbiota, metabolite and serum cytokine in healthy beagle dogs. Twelve healthy beagle dogs were randomly divided in three groups of four dogs each:a control group, not fed with any cheese, and groups fed with Queso Blanco cheese with B. longum KACC 91563 (QCB) or without B. longum (QC) for 8 weeks. Fecal microbiota was analyzed using a culture-based method and 16s rRNA gene sequencing. Serum cytokine levels, activation of natural killer cells, and proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells were determined. SPME-GC-MS method was used to determine the concentrations of short chain fatty acids and indole in dog feces. Administration of QCB for 4 weeks significantly increased the Bifidobacterium. QCB supplementation for 8 weeks reduceds Enterobacteriaceae and Clostridium perfringens (p < 0.05). The abundance of Fusobacterium, Blautia and Collinesella in QCB group were reduced as compared with the control group. Serum TNF-α and IL-6 levels at 8 weeks significantly increased in QCB group as compared with QC group. There was no change in the concentrations of total short chain fatty acids by B. longum at 0 and 4 weeks. At week 8, the acetic acid, propionic acid and butyric acid of the QCB and QC groups were significantly decreased compared to the control group. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that administration of QCB had positive effects on fecal microbiota and immune response in beagle dogs. We suggest that Queso Blanco cheese containing B. longum KACC 91563 could be used as a functional food for companion animals.
Keywords: Bifidobacterium longum; Companion dogs; KACC 91563; Microbiota; Probiotics; Queso blanco cheese.
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