Nanocrystals surface chemistry engineering offers a direct approach to tune charge carrier dynamics in nanocrystals-based photodetectors. For this purpose, we have investigated the effects of altering the surface chemistry of thin films of CsPbBr3 perovskite nanocrystals produced by the doctor blading technique, via solid state ligand-exchange using 3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA). The electrical and electro-optical properties of photovoltaic and photoconductor devices were improved after the MPA ligand exchange, mainly because of a mobility increase up to 5 × 10-3 cm 2 / Vs . The same technology was developed to build a tandem photovoltaic device based on a bilayer of PbS quantum dots (QDs) and CsPbBr3 perovskite nanocrystals. Here, the ligand exchange was successfully carried out in a single step after the deposition of these two layers. The photodetector device showed responsivities around 40 and 20 mA/W at visible and near infrared wavelengths, respectively. This strategy can be of interest for future visible-NIR cameras, optical sensors, or receivers in photonic devices for future Internet-of-Things technology.
Keywords: 3-mercaptopropionic acid; ligand-exchange; perovskite nanocrystals; photodetectors.