Background: There is evidence for an inherited contribution to primary brain cancer. Linkage analysis of high-risk brain cancer pedigrees has identified candidate regions of interest in which brain cancer predisposition genes are likely to reside.
Methods: Genome-wide linkage analysis was performed in a unique set of 11 informative, extended, high-risk primary brain cancer pedigrees identified in a population genealogy database, which include from 2 to 6 sampled, related primary brain cancer cases. Access to formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue samples archived in a biorepository allowed analysis of extended pedigrees.
Results: Individual high-risk pedigrees were singly informative for linkage at multiple regions. Suggestive evidence for linkage was observed on chromosomes 2, 3, 14, and 16. The chromosome 16 region in particular contains a promising candidate gene, pyridoxal-dependent decarboxylase domain-containing 1 (PDXDC1), with prior evidence for involvement with glioblastoma from other previously reported experimental settings, and contains the lead single nucleotide polymorphism (rs3198697) from the linkage analysis of the chromosome 16 region.
Conclusions: Pedigrees with a statistical excess of primary brain cancers have been identified in a unique genealogy resource representing the homogeneous Utah population. Genome-wide linkage analysis of these pedigrees has identified a potential candidate predisposition gene, as well as multiple candidate regions that could harbor predisposition loci, and for which further analysis is suggested.
Keywords: PDXDC1; UPDB; linkage analysis; primary brain cancer.
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