Hybrid Imaging modalities have shown great potential in medical imaging and diagnosis. A more comprehensive and targeted view of neurological disorders can be achieved by blending the anatomical and functional perspectives through hybridization. With consistently improving technologies, there have been many developments in fused imaging techniques over the past few decades. This article provides an overview of various bimodal and trimodal hybrid imaging techniques being developed and explored for neuroimaging applications. Recent advancements and potentials are discussed for single photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT), positron emission tomography-CT (PET-CT), PET-magnetic resonance imaging (PET-MRI), electroencephalography-functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI), magnetoencephalography-fMRI (MEG-fMRI), EEG-near-infrared spectroscopy (EEG-NIRS), magnetic resonance-PET-EEG (MR-PET-EEG) and MR-PET-CT in the perspective of neuroimaging. A comparison of these hybrid approaches is provided on a single platform to analyze their performance on the basis of several common factors essential for imaging and analyzing neurological disorders and in vivo molecular processes. This article also provides an overview of recently developed advanced imaging technologies that are being hybridized with other imaging modalities and being explored as potential techniques for neuroscience. Novel approaches and clinical applications of hybrid neuroimaging are anticipated with inclusion of new technologies, better sensing capabilities, multimodal probes, and improved hybridization.
Keywords: brain; hybrid imaging; multimodal imaging; neuroimaging.
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