Introduction: To develop a simulation model assessing the efficiency of using cladribine tablets versus infusion-based disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) from a facility perspective in the UK.
Methods: A scheduling algorithm was developed to simulate day-case admissions and calculate the mean changes to resource use and time burden for patients in a facility that transitions from infusion-based treatments to cladribine tablets over 1 year. Model inputs and assumptions were based on previous research and expert opinion. Model validation and quality checks were performed and additional scenario analyses were also conducted.
Results: The model successfully scheduled all infusion treatments in the base case and no patients were left off the schedule as a result of lack of capacity. Modeled base-case outcomes increased in future scenarios owing to a 35% increase in demand. The introduction of cladribine tablets reduced these impacts. Specifically, the difference in mean daily utilization was reduced in the future scenario from 13% to 3% as 8% of patients moved to cladribine tablets; annual administration costs decreased by 96% and annual time burden decreased by 90%. Results from additional scenarios showed the largest benefits from switching current infusion patients to cladribine tablets were realized in facilities having moderate to high resource utilization.
Conclusions: This model provides facility decision-makers the ability to assess the efficiency of using cladribine tablets rather than an infusion-based DMD. The simulation quantified the benefits gained from reducing the burden on facility resources by switching some patients with RRMS from infusion-based DMDs to cladribine tablets. Overall, modeled outcomes increased in future scenarios owing to an increase in demand, although the introduction of cladribine tablets reduced this impact.
Keywords: Cladribine tablets; Disease-modifying drug; Efficiency model; Infusion; Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.