Degenerative mitral regurgitation

Curr Opin Cardiol. 2020 Sep;35(5):454-463. doi: 10.1097/HCO.0000000000000769.


Purpose of review: Degenerative mitral regurgitation (DMR) continues to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality with surgical mitral valve repair remaining the gold standard for the treatment of severe disease. The purpose of this review is to summarize recent advances in the understanding of DMR as well as the progress made in its assessment with a focus on imaging techniques.

Recent findings: Recent insights into the anatomy and physiology of DMR challenge the assumption that fibroelastic deficiency and Barlow disease are part of a single DMR spectrum. Advances in echocardiography and cardiovascular MRI have the potential to improve quantification of mitral regurgitation, provide unique information on prognosis and impact of DMR, further the association between DMR and arrhythmic risk and aide in decision-making for DMR treatment.

Summary: With growing interest in the use of noninvasive transcatheter therapies in the mitral valve space, comprehensive assessment of the mitral valve is critical to instruct decision-making and guide therapeutic strategy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures*
  • Echocardiography
  • Humans
  • Mitral Valve / diagnostic imaging
  • Mitral Valve / surgery
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency* / surgery
  • Prognosis