Burden of Illness in Adults With Hypophosphatasia: Data From the Global Hypophosphatasia Patient Registry

J Bone Miner Res. 2020 Nov;35(11):2171-2178. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.4130. Epub 2020 Aug 10.


Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare, inherited, metabolic disease caused by deficient tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase activity. This study aims to assess patient-reported pain, disability and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a real-world cohort of adults with HPP who were not receiving asfotase alfa during the analysis. Adults (≥18 years old) with HPP (confirmed by ALPL gene mutation and/or low serum alkaline phosphatase activity for age/sex) were identified from the Global HPP Registry (NCT02306720). Demographics, clinical characteristics, and data on patient-reported pain, disability, and HRQoL (assessed by Brief Pain Inventory Short Form [BPI-SF], Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index [HAQ-DI], and 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey version 2 [SF-36v2], respectively) were stratified by pediatric- and adult-onset HPP and summarized descriptively. Of the 304 adults included (median [min, max] age 48.6 [18.8, 79.8] years; 74% women), 45% had adult-onset HPP and 33% had pediatric-onset HPP (unknown age of onset, 22%). Of those with data, 38% had experienced ≥5 HPP manifestations and 62% had a history of ≥1 fracture/pseudofracture. Median (Q1, Q3) BPI-SF scores were 3.5 (1.5, 5.3) for pain severity and 3.3 (0.9, 6.2) for pain interference. Median (Q1, Q3) disability on the HAQ-DI was 0.3 (0.0, 0.7). Median (Q1, Q3) physical and mental component summary scores on the SF-36v2 were 42.4 (32.7, 49.9) and 45.3 (36.3, 54.8), respectively. Greater numbers of HPP manifestations experienced/body systems affected correlated significantly with poorer scores on the BPI-SF, HAQ-DI, and SF-36v2 (all p < 0.05). No significant differences between adults with pediatric- and adult-onset HPP were observed for patient-reported outcomes, except for disability and the BPI-SF question "pain at its worst," which were significantly higher among adults with pediatric- versus adult-onset HPP (p = 0.03 and 0.04, respectively). These data from the Global HPP Registry show that adults with HPP have a substantial burden of illness that is associated with reduced patient-reported HRQoL, regardless of age of disease onset. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR).


Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alkaline Phosphatase
  • Child
  • Cost of Illness
  • Female
  • Fractures, Bone*
  • Humans
  • Hypophosphatasia* / epidemiology
  • Hypophosphatasia* / genetics
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality of Life
  • Registries


  • Alkaline Phosphatase

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02306720