Reverse remodeling of the left ventricle has been reported following left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. However, left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) volumetric and shape changes have not been described. Consecutive candidates for LVAD were prospectively enrolled. Comprehensive 2- and 3-dimensional echocardiographic (2DE, 3DE) images were acquired before and 1 to 2 months following LVAD implantation. 3D endocardial surfaces were analyzed to derive shape indices, including LV sphericity and conicity and RV septal and free-wall curvatures. Sixty patients were enrolled with a mean age 56 ± 13 years, 77% male, and 83% destination therapy. 3DE showed that LV end-diastolic volume (EDV) improved from 461 ± 182 to 287 ± 144 ml (p < 0.001) and RV EDV showed no change (p = 0.08). RV longitudinal strain (LS) worsened from -9.1 ± 3.1 to -5.9 ± 2.6% (p < 0.01). LV sphericity and conicity improved (p < 0.001 for both), whereas the curvature of the interventricular septum and RV free wall did not change (p = 0.79 and 0.26, respectively). At 1 month following LVAD implantation, LV volumes decrease dramatically, and there is a favorable LV shape improvement, indicating reverse remodeling. RV shape did not change, whereas RV LS worsened, indicating an absence of RV reverse remodeling.
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