COVID-19: A Review for the Pediatric Neurologist

J Child Neurol. 2020 Nov;35(13):934-939. doi: 10.1177/0883073820939387. Epub 2020 Jul 13.


Children are susceptible to infection with the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. In this time of uncertainty, this review attempts to compile information that may be helpful to pediatric neurologists. This review consolidates current data on the disease associated with SARS-CoV-2, called COVID-19, and information from past coronavirus epidemics, to discuss diseases of pediatric neurology including Guillain-Barre syndrome (acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy); central demyelinating diseases like multiple sclerosis and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis; infantile spasms; febrile seizures; and maternal-fetal transmission of virus.

Keywords: COVID-19; coronavirus; infectious disease; pediatric.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Betacoronavirus*
  • Brain Diseases / complications*
  • Brain Diseases / therapy*
  • COVID-19
  • Child
  • Coronavirus Infections / complications*
  • Coronavirus Infections / diagnosis
  • Coronavirus Infections / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical / prevention & control*
  • Neurologists
  • Neurology / methods*
  • Pandemics
  • Pediatricians
  • Pediatrics / methods
  • Pneumonia, Viral / complications*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / diagnosis
  • Pneumonia, Viral / therapy*
  • SARS-CoV-2