The what? How? And Who? Of video based assessment

Am J Surg. 2021 Jan;221(1):13-18. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.06.027. Epub 2020 Jun 23.


Background: Currently, there is significant variability in the development, implementation and overarching goals of video review for assessment of surgical performance.

Methods: This paper evaluates the current methods in which video review is used for evaluation of surgical performance and identifies which processes are critical for successful, widespread implementation of video-based assessment.

Results: Despite the advances in video capture technology and growing interest in video-based assessment, there is a notable gap in the implementation and longitudinal use of formative and summative assessment using video.

Conclusion: Validity, scalability and discoverability are current but removable barriers to video-based assessment.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence; Crowd source rating; Formative assessment; Global rating tools; Motion data; Procedure specific rating tools; Summative assessment; Video-based assessment.

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence*
  • General Surgery / standards*
  • Video Recording*