Background: Currently, there is significant variability in the development, implementation and overarching goals of video review for assessment of surgical performance.
Methods: This paper evaluates the current methods in which video review is used for evaluation of surgical performance and identifies which processes are critical for successful, widespread implementation of video-based assessment.
Results: Despite the advances in video capture technology and growing interest in video-based assessment, there is a notable gap in the implementation and longitudinal use of formative and summative assessment using video.
Conclusion: Validity, scalability and discoverability are current but removable barriers to video-based assessment.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence; Crowd source rating; Formative assessment; Global rating tools; Motion data; Procedure specific rating tools; Summative assessment; Video-based assessment.
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