Bowel resection for intestinal endometriosis

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2021 Mar:71:114-128. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2020.05.008. Epub 2020 Jun 9.


Over the last twenty years, segmental resection (SR) has been the technique most frequently used to treat bowel endometriosis. Nowadays, it is most commonly performed by laparoscopy; however, there is evidence that it can be safely performed by robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery. Rectovaginal fistula and anastomotic leakage are the two major complications of SR; other complications include pelvic abscess, postoperative bleeding, ureteral damage, and anastomotic stricture. Several studies showed that SR causes improvement in pain and intestinal symptoms; nerve-sparing SR may improve the functional outcomes. The rates of postoperative recurrence of bowel endometriosis vary across the studies, possibly because of the different definitions of recurrence.

Keywords: Bowel endometriosis; Colorectal resection; Complications; Rectosigmoid endometriosis; Recurrence; Surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Digestive System Surgical Procedures*
  • Endometriosis* / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intestines
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Rectal Diseases* / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome