The following fictional case is intended as a learning tool within the Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME), a set of national standards for teaching pathology. These are divided into three basic competencies: Disease Mechanisms and Processes, Organ System Pathology, and Diagnostic Medicine and Therapeutic Pathology. For additional information, and a full list of learning objectives for all three competencies, see http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2374289517715040.1.
Keywords: cardiac shunt; cardiovascular malformation; congenital heart disease; genetic disorders; organ system pathology; pathology competencies; tetralogy of Fallot.
© The Author(s) 2020.