Objective: This trial aimed to provide randomized controlled data comparing Kono-S anastomosis and stapled ileocolic side-to-side anastomosis.
Background: Recently, a new antimesenteric, functional, end-to-end, hand-sewn ileocolic anastomosis (Kono-S) has shown a significant reduction in endoscopic recurrence score and surgical recurrence rate in Crohn disease (CD).
Methods: Randomized controlled trial (RCT) at a tertiary referral institution. Primary endpoint: endoscopic recurrence (ER) (Rutgeerts score ≥i2) after 6 months. Secondary endpoints: clinical recurrence (CR) after 12 and 24 months, ER after 18 months, and surgical recurrence (SR) after 24 months.
Results: In all, 79 ileocolic CD patients were randomized in Kono group (36) and Conventional group (43). After 6 months, 22.2% in the Kono group and 62.8% in the Conventional group presented an ER [P < 0.001, odds ratio (OR) 5.91]. A severe postoperative ER (Rutgeerts score ≥i3) was found in 13.8% of Kono versus 34.8% of Conventional group patients (P = 0.03, OR 3.32). CR rate was 8% in the Kono group versus 18% in the Conventional group after 12 months (P = 0.2), and 18% versus 30.2% after 24 months (P = 0.04, OR 3.47). SR rate after 24 months was 0% in the Kono group versus 4.6% in the Conventional group (P = 0.3). Patients with Kono-S anastomosis presented a longer time until CR than patients with side-to-side anastomosis (hazard ratio 0.36, P = 0.037). On binary logistic regression analysis, the Kono-S anastomosis was the only variable significantly associated with a reduced risk of ER (OR 0.19, P < 0.001). There were no differences in postoperative outcomes.
Conclusions: This is the first RCT comparing Kono-S anastomosis and standard anastomosis in CD. The results demonstrate a significant reduction in postoperative endoscopic and clinical recurrence rate for patients who underwent Kono-S anastomosis, and no safety issues.ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT02631967.