Role of Work and Family Factors in Predicting Career Satisfaction and Life Success

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jul 15;17(14):5096. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17145096.


The mediating roles of work-family balance, job satisfaction and family satisfaction in work-family dynamics research has not been explored fully to delineate their probable intervening effects. Using spillover theory as the basis, the current study tests a model to identify the role of these factors in work-family conflict (and work-role ambiguity), career satisfaction and perception of life success. Responses obtained through an online survey from a final sample of 344 academic faculty, across different educational institutions in India, tend to suggest that work-family balance mediated work-family conflict and its potential influence on life success as well as career satisfaction, and also the relationship between work-role ambiguity and both life success and career satisfaction. While job satisfaction also showed similar results except for non-significant mediation between work-role ambiguity and life success, family satisfaction mediated only between work role ambiguity and life success. The importance of job satisfaction and work-family balance is highlighted in the context of reducing the negative impact of work-family conflict and work-role ambiguity on one's career and life satisfaction. Results and their practical and theoretical implications, and future directions of research to further our understanding of work-family dynamics, etc., are discussed.

Keywords: career satisfaction; family satisfaction; job satisfaction; life success; work role ambiguity; work-family balance; work-family conflict.

MeSH terms

  • Employment*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Occupations
  • Personal Satisfaction*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires