Multidimensional Models of Perfectionism and Procrastination: Seeking Determinants of Both

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Jul 15;17(14):5099. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17145099.


Background: Perfectionism is currently conceptualized using a multidimensional model, with extensive research establishing the presence of both maladaptive and adaptive forms. However, the potential adaptability of procrastination, largely considered as a maladaptive construct, and its possible developmental connection to perfectionism remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the individual differences of the multidimensional models of both perfectionism and procrastination, as well as investigating potential links between the two constructs.

Methods: A convenience sample of 206 undergraduate students participated in this study. Participants completed a questionnaire consisting of 236 questions regarding the variables under investigation.

Results: The adaptive model of procrastination yielded largely insignificant results and demonstrated limited links with adaptive perfectionism, while maladaptive procrastination was consistently associated with maladaptive perfectionism, lending further evidence of a unidimensional model of procrastination.

Conclusions: Many previous findings regarding the multidimensional model of perfectionism were replicated, along with new contributions focusing on the dual-process model and temporal orientation.

Keywords: boredom proneness; conscientiousness; emotion; euthymia; fear of failure; need for affect; perfectionism; procrastination; temporal orientation; time management.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Perfectionism*
  • Procrastination*
  • Students / psychology*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires