Biotinidase deficiency (BD) may cause neurological symptoms and developmental problems. However, newborn screening of BD and early biotin treatment prevent the manifestation of the majority of symptoms. This study intended to examine the developmental and behavioral outcomes as well as maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms of preschool-aged children with BD and to compare these with the outcomes of healthy preschool-aged children. In total, 49 children with BD and 23 healthy children are included. All children were screened for developmental and behavioral problems. Moreover anxiety and depressive symptomatology of their mothers were evaluated. Despite the high percentage of developmental delay in BD group, the numbers of children screened positive for a developmental delay were statistically similar in children with BD and healthy children. Among patients with BD, children with risk of developmental delay had more unfavorable socio-demographic features compared to typically developing ones. Behavioral problem scores, maternal anxiety, and depressive symptoms scores of children with BD were not higher than the healthy children.Conclusion: Children with BD were not different from their healthy peers in terms of developmental and behavioral outcomes. Developmental problems of children with BD may be related to the unfavorable socio-demographic features, not the BD itself. What is known: • Biotinidase deficiency (BD) may result in neurological symptoms and developmental problems. • Newborn screening and early biotin supplementation prevent the manifestation of the majority of symptoms. What is new: • Preschool-aged children with BD identified by newborn screening are not different from their healthy peers in terms of developmental and behavioral outcomes. • Maternal anxiety and depressive symptoms scores of children with BD are similar to scores of healthy children.
Keywords: Behavioral outcomes; Biotinidase deficiency; Developmental outcomes; Maternal anxiety; Maternal depressive symptoms; Preschool-aged children.