Alcohol increases the risk of several cancer types. However, awareness of the link between alcohol and cancer is estimated to be low in Denmark. The objective of this study was to examine awareness of alcohol as a risk factor for cancer in the Danish population. 3000 Danish men and women aged 18-74 years, who are nationally representative participated in a cross-sectional study. Open and closed-ended questions were used to assess unprompted and prompted cancer awareness in relation to the respondents' demographic profile, alcohol consumption and use of tobacco. Unprompted, 22.2% of respondents were aware of the link between alcohol and cancer, whereas prompted 44.8% were aware of this. When prompted about specific cancer types, 39.5% were aware of the fact that alcohol increases the risk of liver cancer and only 9.6% were aware of the link between alcohol and breast cancer. Being aware of the link between alcohol and cancer was associated with being female, having a higher level of education, living in the Capital Region of Denmark, as well as being a non-smoker. There were no statistical significant associations between awareness of alcohol as a risk factor for cancer and the respondents' age, marital status and alcohol consumption. Conclusively, the study confirms a rather low public awareness of the link between alcohol and cancer in the Danish population, especially regarding certain cancer types such as breast cancer. There is a continued need to inform the public about the relationship between alcohol and cancer.
Keywords: Alcohol; Awareness; Cancer; Denmark; Public health.
© 2020 The Authors.