Teamwork for smoking cessation: which smoker was willing to engage their partner? Results from a cross-sectional study

BMC Res Notes. 2020 Jul 20;13(1):344. doi: 10.1186/s13104-020-05183-2.


Objective: Smokers are greatly influenced by those living with them, but strategies that increase partner support for smoking cessation are lacking. Using a cross-sectional study design, we explored factors associated with willingness to engage a partner in smoking cessation in smokers registered on a web-assisted tobacco intervention trial.

Results: Study participants (n = 983) were recruited between July 2018 and March 2019. About 28% of smokers were willing to engage their partner in cessation efforts. The odds of willingness to engage a partner were more than two-fold for smokers reporting presence of other smokers in the immediate family (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 2.18; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.51-3.15 for 1-3 smokers; aOR, 3.12; 95% CI 1.95-4.98 for ≥ 4 smokers) compared to those with no smokers in the immediate family. Women had lower odds of willingness to engage (aOR; 0.82; 95% CI 0.58-1.16) than men, but this was not statistically significant. Use of e-cigarettes and visitation to a smoking cessation website prior to the intervention were both positively associated with willingness to engage partners in cessation. Future research should assess whether interventions tailored to smokers willing to engage partners or spouses could increase effectiveness of partner support during cessation.

Keywords: Partner engagement; Partner support; Seeking support; Smoking cessation; Willingness.

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Smokers
  • Smoking Cessation*
  • Spouses