Inclusion and release of ant alarm pheromones from metal-organic frameworks

Dalton Trans. 2020 Aug 4;49(30):10334-10338. doi: 10.1039/d0dt02047h.


Zinc(ii) and zirconium(iv) metal-organic frameworks show uptake and slow release of the ant alarm pheromones 3-octanone and 4-methyl-3-heptanone. Inclusion of N-propyl groups on the MOFs allows for enhanced uptake and release over several months. In preliminary field trials, leaf cutting ants show normal behavioural responses to the released pheromones.

MeSH terms

  • Ketones / chemistry*
  • Metal-Organic Frameworks / chemistry*
  • Molecular Structure
  • Zinc / chemistry
  • Zirconium / chemistry


  • Ketones
  • Metal-Organic Frameworks
  • 4-methyl-3-heptanone
  • 3-octanone
  • Zirconium
  • Zinc