Background: To determine whether patients with benign papilloma diagnosed on core biopsy can be spared from surgery.
Methods: We prospectively reviewed 150 consecutive core biopsy-diagnosed papilloma cases at a multi-specialty high-risk breast lesion conference to determine whether surgical excision was necessary. Of these 150 cases, 148 had concordant radiologic-pathologic features. Six were excluded due to lack of the first imaging follow-up until analysis. 112 were benign papillomas; 17 were papillomas involved by atypical ductal hyperplasia (atypical papilloma); 6 papillomas had ADH in adjacent tissue but not involving the papilloma; 2 papillomas were involved by atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH); and 5 papillomas had ALH in adjacent tissue. Two were radiology-pathology (rad-path) discordant.
Results: Thirty-nine of the 112 benign papillomas were excised with no upgrade to carcinoma; 73 were followed with no disease progression during follow-up (185-1279 days). Fifteen of 17 atypical papillomas were surgically excised with 4 (26.7%) upgraded to carcinoma. Four of the 6 patients with ADH adjacent to a benign papilloma underwent excision with 2 upgrades to carcinoma. None of the patients with papilloma, which was either involved by ALH or had ALH in adjacent tissue had upgrade or disease progression during follow-up (204-1159 days). Finally, the two cases with discordant path-rad discordant were excised with no upgrade.
Conclusions: Our data confirm that rad-path concordant benign papillomas diagnosed on core biopsy do not require surgery. It also supports the value of a formal multi-specialty review of all benign papilloma cases to create a consensus management plan.
Keywords: Atypical papilloma; Breast surgery; Follow-up; High-risk breast lesion; Papilloma.