Economic Viability of Adoption of Automated Oestrus Detection Technologies on Dairy Farms: A Review

Animals (Basel). 2020 Jul 21;10(7):1241. doi: 10.3390/ani10071241.


The decision for dairy farmers to invest in automated oestrus detection (AOD) technologies involves the weighing up of the costs and benefits of implementation. In this paper, through a review of the existing literature, we examine the impacts of investment in AOD technologies in relation to the profitability and technical performance of dairy farms. Peer-reviewed articles published between 1970 and 2019 on the investment viability of AOD technologies were collated and analysed. We capture the different measures used in assessing the economic performance of investment in AOD technologies over time which include net present value (NPV), milk production, Benefit-Cost Ratio (BCR), internal rate of return (IRR) and payback period (PBP). The study concludes that investment in AOD technologies is not only worthwhile but also contributes to farm profitability.

Keywords: accelerometer; automated oestrus detection; dairy; economic performance; investment; pedometer; precision agriculture.

Publication types

  • Review