Adhesion and Stability of Nanocellulose Coatings on Flat Polymer Films and Textiles

Molecules. 2020 Jul 16;25(14):3238. doi: 10.3390/molecules25143238.


Renewable nanocellulose materials received increased attention owing to their small dimensions, high specific surface area, high mechanical characteristics, biocompatibility, and compostability. Nanocellulose coatings are among many interesting applications of these materials to functionalize different by composition and structure surfaces, including plastics, polymer coatings, and textiles with broader applications from food packaging to smart textiles. Variations in porosity and thickness of nanocellulose coatings are used to adjust a load of functional molecules and particles into the coatings, their permeability, and filtration properties. Mechanical stability of nanocellulose coatings in a wet and dry state are critical characteristics for many applications. In this work, nanofibrillated and nanocrystalline cellulose coatings deposited on the surface of polymer films and textiles made of cellulose, polyester, and nylon are studied using atomic force microscopy, ellipsometry, and T-peel adhesion tests. Methods to improve coatings' adhesion and stability using physical and chemical cross-linking with added polymers and polycarboxylic acids are analyzed in this study. The paper reports on the effect of the substrate structure and ability of nanocellulose particles to intercalate into the substrate on the coating adhesion.

Keywords: adhesion; coating; nanocellulose; polymer; textile.

MeSH terms

  • Cellulose / chemistry*
  • Food Packaging
  • Mechanical Tests
  • Nanofibers / chemistry
  • Nanoparticles / chemistry
  • Nanostructures / chemistry*
  • Nylons / chemistry
  • Permeability
  • Physical Phenomena
  • Polymers / chemistry*
  • Textiles*


  • Nylons
  • Polymers
  • Cellulose