The Influence of Regulation on Trust and Risk Preference in Sharing Communities

Front Psychol. 2020 Jun 30;11:1369. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01369. eCollection 2020.

Abstract

Sharing within communities has gained popularity in recent years. However, taking part in a community also comes with a certain amount of risk. This perceived amount of risk can be contained by regulations within a community as well as by potential participants' trust in the community and the other members. We argue for a relation between regulation and the willingness to take the risk of joining a sharing community with trust as a mediator. Thereby, we distinguish between two kinds of regulation (soft and harsh regulation) and two kinds of trust (implicit and reason-based trust) on two different levels (vertical and horizontal trust). In one laboratory and one online experiment with 432 participants overall, we found that the compound of high soft and low harsh regulation increases participants' willingness to take the risk of participation and that the effect of soft regulation is mediated mainly by vertical and horizontal reason-based trust. Based on our results, we encourage sharing communities to count on soft regulation in order to increase potential members' trust in the community and therefore take the risk to participate.

Keywords: communities; harsh regulation; risk preference; sharing economy; soft regulation; trust.