Development and implementation of the SUM breast cancer cell line functional genomics knowledge base

NPJ Breast Cancer. 2020 Jul 21:6:30. doi: 10.1038/s41523-020-0173-z. eCollection 2020.


Several years ago, the SUM panel of human breast cancer cell lines was developed, and these cell lines have been distributed to hundreds of labs worldwide. Our lab and others have developed extensive omics data sets from these cells. More recently, we performed genome-scale shRNA essentiality screens on the entire SUM line panel, as well as on MCF10A cells, MCF-7 cells, and MCF-7LTED cells. These gene essentiality data sets allowed us to perform orthogonal analyses that functionalize the otherwise descriptive genomic data obtained from traditional genomics platforms. To make these omics data sets available to users of the SUM lines, and to allow users to mine these data sets, we developed the SUM Breast Cancer Cell Line Knowledge Base. This knowledge base provides information on the derivation of each cell line, provides protocols for the proper maintenance of the cells, and provides a series of data mining tools that allow rapid identification of the oncogene signatures for each line, the enrichment of KEGG pathways with screen hit and gene expression data, an analysis of protein and phospho-protein expression for the cell lines, as well as a gene search tool and a functional-druggable signature tool. Recently, we expanded our database to include genomic data for an additional 27 commonly used breast cancer cell lines. Thus, the SLKBase provides users with deep insights into the biology of human breast cancer cell lines that can be used to develop strategies for the reverse engineering of individual breast cancer cell lines.

Keywords: Cancer genomics; Cell signalling.