Economic Burden of Metastatic Ovarian Cancer in a Commercially Insured Population: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis

J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2020 Aug;26(8):962-970. doi: 10.18553/jmcp.2020.26.8.962.


Background: Ovarian cancer is the tenth most common type of cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer death among females in the United States. The majority of incident ovarian cancer cases are diagnosed in individuals aged < 65 years, but limited evidence exists regarding the economic burden of ovarian cancer in this age group.

Objectives: To (a) estimate the annual all-cause direct total cost of metastatic ovarian cancer and (b) compare it to the cost of individuals without cancer in the working age commercially insured U.S.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis using the IBM MarketScan Commercial Database. Patients were included if they met the following criteria: ≥ 1 medical claim with a secondary malignancy diagnosis in the primary position between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2015 (earliest date of diagnosis defined as the index date); aged ≥ 18 years on the index date; ≥ 12 months of continuous enrollment before the index date; ≥ 1 month of continuous enrollment after the index date; and ≥ 1 inpatient medical claim or ≥ 2 outpatient medical claims ≥ 30 days apart, with an ovarian cancer diagnosis in any claim position within 60 days before or 30 days after the index date. Patients were excluded if they had ≥ 1 medical claim with a cancer diagnosis except for ovarian cancer in any claim position during the 12-month pre-index period. Controls were randomly selected and matched to metastatic ovarian cancer patients based on age, region, index date, number of months of continuous enrollment after the index date, and propensity score. Annual all-cause direct total costs and ovarian cancer-related direct total costs were estimated and compared for each cohort by using the Kaplan-Meier sample average technique to account for censoring after the index date.

Results: 2,991 metastatic ovarian cancer patients and 2,991 matched controls were included in this study. Patients in the metastatic ovarian cancer cohort had a mean (SD) age of 54.4 (8.5) years, and controls had a mean (SD) age of 54.2 (8.4) years. The mean (95% CI) annual all-cause total costs in the 12-month post-index period were $140,124 ($134,025-$146,267) for metastatic ovarian cancer patients and $35,161 ($31,338-$39,529) for controls; the resulting mean (95% CI) difference in annual all-cause total costs was $104,964 ($99,732-$110,042). In comparison with the annual all-cause total costs, the mean (95% CI) annual ovarian cancer-related total costs in the 12-month post-index period were $86,971 ($82,349-$91,508) for metastatic ovarian cancer patients and $0 ($0-$0) for controls.

Conclusions: Working age patients with metastatic ovarian cancer have significantly higher costs compared with those without cancer. These findings contribute to the understanding of the burden of illness in a patient population where limited evidence currently exists on the economic consequences of the disease.

Disclosures: No outside funding supported this study. The authors have nothing to disclose. This study was presented at the 2019 International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research Annual Meeting; May 18-22, 2019; New Orleans, LA.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cost of Illness*
  • Female
  • Health Care Costs* / trends
  • Humans
  • Insurance, Health / economics*
  • Insurance, Health / trends
  • Middle Aged
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / economics*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / therapy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Young Adult