Inpatient Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair Is Associated With Higher Postoperative Complications Compared With Same-Day Discharge: A Matched Cohort Analysis

Arthroscopy. 2021 Jan;37(1):42-49. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2020.07.021. Epub 2020 Jul 25.


Purpose: To compare 90-day postoperative complications between patients undergoing outpatient versus inpatient arthroscopic rotator cuff repairs (RCR) and identify risk factors associated with postoperative complications.

Methods: An administrative claims database was used to identify patients undergoing arthroscopic RCR from 2007 to 2015. Patients were categorized based on length of hospital stay (LOS) with inpatient RCR defined as patients with ≥1 day LOS, and outpatient RCR as patients discharged day of surgery (LOS = 0). Inpatient and outpatient RCR groups were matched based on age, sex, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and various medical comorbidities using 1:1 propensity score analysis. Patient factors, concomitant procedures, total adverse events (TAEs), medical adverse events (MAEs), and surgical adverse events (SAEs) were compared between the matched groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors associated with increased complications.

Results: After matching, there were 2812 patients (50% outpatient) included in the study. Within 90 days following arthroscopic RCR, the incidence of TAEs (8.9% vs 3.6%, P < .0001), SAEs (2.7% vs 0.9%, P = .0002), and MAEs (6.4% vs 3.0%, P < .0001) were significantly greater for the inpatient RCR group. The multivariate model identified inpatient RCR (LOS ≥1 day), greater CCI, and anxiety or depression as independent predictors for TAEs after arthroscopic RCR. Open biceps tenodesis and inpatient RCR were independent predictors of SAEs, whereas greater CCI, anxiety or depression, and inpatient RCR were independent predictors for MAEs within 90 days after arthroscopic RCR.

Conclusions: Inpatient arthroscopic RCR is associated with increased risk of 90-day postoperative complications compared with outpatient. However, there is no difference for all-cause or pain-related emergency department visits within 90 days after surgery. In addition, the multivariate model identified inpatient RCR, greater CCI, and diagnosis of anxiety or depression as independent risk factors for 90-day TAEs after arthroscopic RCR.

Level of evidence: III, Retrospective cohort study.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroscopy* / adverse effects
  • Cohort Studies
  • Databases, Factual
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Inpatients
  • Length of Stay*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Outpatients
  • Patient Discharge*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Rotator Cuff / surgery*
  • Rotator Cuff Injuries / surgery
  • Tenodesis* / adverse effects