A Comprehensive Review of Cutaneous Manifestations Associated with COVID-19

Biomed Res Int. 2020 Jul 5;2020:1236520. doi: 10.1155/2020/1236520. eCollection 2020.

Abstract

The novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), the cause of coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) pandemic, is associated with some cutaneous manifestations. Although the cutaneous presentations of COVID-19 are infrequent, it is of great importance for all clinicians to be aware of these manifestations, as it may contribute to sooner and better diagnosis and management of the disease, even in asymptomatic or paucisymptomatic patients. The reported cutaneous manifestations of COVID-19 are various, dispersed, and sometimes confusing. In this article, all reported cases to date were collected and classified under 6 major groups: maculopapular rash, urticaria, chilblain, vesicular lesions, livedo reticularis, and petechiae. Different characteristics of each group were discussed in detail as well.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Betacoronavirus*
  • COVID-19
  • Chilblains / diagnosis
  • Chilblains / etiology
  • Coronavirus Infections / complications*
  • Coronavirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Exanthema / diagnosis
  • Exanthema / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Livedo Reticularis / diagnosis
  • Livedo Reticularis / etiology
  • Male
  • Pandemics
  • Pneumonia, Viral / complications*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / epidemiology
  • Purpura / diagnosis
  • Purpura / etiology
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Skin Diseases, Viral / diagnosis
  • Skin Diseases, Viral / etiology*
  • Urticaria / diagnosis
  • Urticaria / etiology