Nasal polyposis is one of the most common chronic upper airway diseases. Management of allergic rhinosinusitis with polyps is to control the disease process and the local immune response of the nasal mucosa. This is achieved by surgical removal of polypoid mucosa of all sinuses by functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) followed by suppression of local immune response by using steroids. Budesonide nasal douching was introduced recently for postoperative management of patients with allergic rhinosinusitis. The therapeutic effectiveness and safety of this procedure are becoming accepted by many physicians. Evaluation of the efficacy of budesonide nasal irrigation in the postoperative management of chronic allergic rhinosinusitis with polyps. A total of 60 postoperative chronic allergic rhinosinusitis with polyps patients were randomly divided into two groups. Both groups received routine post-FESS medication as per the institute protocol. One group of patients received budesonide nasal douching in addition to regular care. Both groups were evaluated endoscopically at 1, 2, 6 and 10 weeks after surgery. Pre and postoperative quality of life change, the patient complaints, need for revision surgery were evaluated. Endoscopic Lund-Kennedy scoring (objective measurement) and Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 (subjective analysis) were used to compare the two postoperative groups. The average preoperative Sino-Nasal Outcome Test 22 score was 52.2. It was reduced to an average of 29.4 in patients who used the standard postoperative regimen and to 15.8 postoperatively in patients who had budesonide added to their douching solutions. The average endoscopy score was 2.2 for patients who did receive budesonide as compared to 2.9 for patients who did not receive budesonide nasal douching. Budesonide nasal douching can offer a safe and effective tool in managing local inflammatory response in allergic rhinosinusitis. It leads to a significantly better quality of life and has an adequate response on nasal mucosa-leading to less mucosal oedema and lower incidence of polypoidal changes postoperatively.
Keywords: Chronic allergic rhinosinusitis; FESS; Steroid douching.
© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 2020.