Bisphenol A exposure and risk of ischemic heart disease in the Spanish European Prospective Investigation into cancer and nutrition study

Chemosphere. 2020 Dec;261:127697. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127697. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular disease, particularly ischemic heart disease (IHD), is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Bisphenol A (BPA) is considered an endocrine disruptor and obesogen, present in numerous products of daily use. The aim of this study was to assess the potential association of serum BPA concentrations and the risk of incident IHD in a sub-cohort of the Spanish European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC).

Methods: We designed a case-cohort study within the EPIC-Spain cohort. The population consisted of 4636 participants from 4 EPIC-Spain centers (946 IHD cases and 3690 sub-cohort participants). BPA exposure was assessed by means of chemical analyses of serum samples collected at recruitment. Follow-up was performed by linking with national and regional databases and reviewing patients' clinical records. Cox Proportional Hazards Models were used for the statistical analyses.

Results: Median follow-up time was 16 years and 70% of the participants showed detectable BPA values (>0.2 ng/ml). Geometric mean (GM) values of cases and sub-cohort were 1.22 ng/ml vs 1.19 ng/ml respectively (p = 0.90). Cox regression models showed no significant association of BPA serum levels and IHD, acute myocardial infarction or angina pectoris risk.

Conclusions: We evidenced a similar percentage of detection of BPA among cases and sub-cohort participants from our population, and no clear association with IHD risk was observed. However, further investigation is needed to understand the influence of BPA on IHD risk.

Keywords: Bisphenol A; Cardiovascular disease; Case-cohort; Environmental exposure; Ischemic heart disease.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Benzhydryl Compounds / toxicity*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Endocrine Disruptors
  • Environmental Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Myocardial Ischemia / epidemiology*
  • Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Phenols / toxicity*
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Prospective Studies
  • Spain / epidemiology

Substances

  • Benzhydryl Compounds
  • Endocrine Disruptors
  • Phenols
  • bisphenol A