Consistent and Efficient Modeling of the Nonlinear Properties of Ferroelectric Materials in Ceramic Capacitors for Frugal Electronic Implants

Sensors (Basel). 2020 Jul 28;20(15):4206. doi: 10.3390/s20154206.


In recent years, the development of implantable electronics has been driven by the motivation to expand their field of application. The main intention is to implement advanced functionalities while increasing the degree of miniaturization and maintaining reliability. The intrinsic nonlinear properties of the electronic components, to be used anyway, could be utilized to resolve this issue. To master the implementation of functionalities in implantable electronics using the nonlinear properties of its electronic components, simulation models are of utmost importance. In this paper, we present a simulation model that is optimized in terms of consistency, computing time and memory consumption. Three circuit topologies of nonlinear capacitors, including hysteresis losses, are investigated. An inductively coupled measurement setup was realized to validate the calculations. The best results were obtained using the Trapezoid method in ANSYS with a constant step size and a resolution of 500 k points and using the Adams method in Mathcad with a resolution of 50 k points. An inductive coupling factor between 7% and 10% leads to a significant improvement in consistency compared to lower coupling factors. Finally, our results indicate that the nonlinear properties of the voltage rectifier capacitor can be neglected since these do not significantly affect the simulation results.

Keywords: ANSYS; Mathcad; computing time; electronic implants; ferroelectric materials; hysteresis; inductive coupling; memory consumption.

MeSH terms

  • Ceramics
  • Computer Simulation
  • Electronics*
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Reproducibility of Results