Identification of a Continuously Stable and Commercially Available Cell Line for the Identification of Infectious African Swine Fever Virus in Clinical Samples

Viruses. 2020 Jul 28;12(8):820. doi: 10.3390/v12080820.


African swine fever virus (ASFV) is causing outbreaks both in domestic pigs and wild boar in Europe and Asia. In 2018, the largest pig producing country, China, reported its first outbreak of African swine fever (ASF). Since then, the disease has quickly spread to all provinces in China and to other countries in southeast Asia, and most recently to India. Outbreaks of the disease occur in Europe as far west as Poland, and one isolated outbreak has been reported in Belgium. The current outbreak strain is highly contagious and can cause a high degree of lethality in domestic pigs, leading to widespread and costly losses to the industry. Currently, detection of infectious ASFV in field clinical samples requires accessibility to primary swine macrophage cultures, which are infrequently available in most regional veterinary diagnostic laboratories. Here, we report the identification of a commercially available cell line, MA-104, as a suitable substrate for virus isolation of African swine fever virus.

Keywords: ASF; ASFV; diagnostics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • African Swine Fever / virology*
  • African Swine Fever Virus / isolation & purification*
  • African Swine Fever Virus / physiology
  • Animals
  • Cell Culture Techniques
  • Cell Line
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
  • Epithelial Cells / virology*
  • Macrophages / virology
  • Sus scrofa / virology
  • Swine